Effectuation Publications Library
Access Journal Articles and Chapters Referencing Effectuation
Causation and Effectuation: Toward a Theoretical Shift From Economic Inevitability to Entrepreneurial Contingency
In economics and management theories, scholars have traditionally assumed the existence of artifacts such as firms/organizations and markets. It is argued that an explanation for the creation of such artifacts requires the notion of effectuation. Causation rests on a logic of prediction – effectuation on the logic of control. Effectuation is illustrated through business examples and realistic thought experiments. Effectuation’s connections with existing theories and empirical evidence are examined. A list of testable propositions for future empirical work is provided.